Classification of Crops based on Life Cycle
Life cycle means a period from germination to harvesting. Based on these, crops are classified into three groups
These are crops that complete their life cycle within one year e.g Rice, Cowpea, Millet, Groundnut, Maize etc.
These are crops which complete their life cycle within two years e.g Carrot, Pineapple , Ginger, etc.
These are crops which complete their life cycle in more than two years e.g Mango, Rubber, Citrus, Oil palm etc.
Classification of Crops based on Morphology.
Based on their structure, crops can be classified into two groups as follows
These are crops that have only one seed leaf (cotyledon). Examples are rice, maize, oil palm, coconut, wheat, barley, sorghum etc.
These are crops that have two seed leaves. Examples are cocoa, cowpea, groundnut, mango, Citrus, Soybeans, etc.
Differences between Monocot and Dicot Plants
|It has one seed leaf
|It has two seed leaves
|It has parallel vein
|It has net vein
|Germination is hypogeal
|Germination is epigeal
|It has fibrous root system
|It has tap root system
|Absence of petiole
|Petiole is present
|It has single erect stem without branches
|It has single stem with branches
|It has narrow thin leaves
|It has broad leaves
|Pollination is wind
|Pollination is insects