An idiom is a group of words which usually has a different meaning from the individual words which it consists of.
This means that the meaning of an idiom may not babe deduced from the words in the idiom. Proverbs, sayings are also considered as idioms.
The following are the types of idioms we have:

  1. Verb and object
    This type of idiom combines a verb with an object. Recall that the object is the receiver of the action.
    Have second thoughts
    This means to change your opinion or begin to have doubts about something.
    Make headway
    Meaning: make progress; forward movement or progress, especially when this is slow or difficult.
    Draw the line
    Meaning: to put a limit on what you will do or allow to happen, especially because you feel something is wrong.
  2. Prepositional phrases
    In cold blood
    Done without compassion, deliberately cruel
    At a loss
    Meaning: unsure of what to do or say; speechless
    Behind the scenes
    Meaning: influencing events secretly; unseen
    Beside the point
    Meaning: irrelevant
  3. Compounds
    This type of idiom is made up of compound words.
    Meaning: most modern, most advanced
    Blaze of glory
    Meaning: something very dramatic at the end of your career or your life which makes you famous.
  4. Simile
    Simile is comparison, using as or like.
    As blind as a bat
    Meaning: can hardly see
    to have a memory like a sieve
    Meaning: to be forgetful
    to sleep like a log
    Meaning: to sleep very deeply and for a long time
    Have eyes like a hawk
    Meaning: someone who sees every small detail
    To work like a dream
    Meaning: when something works perfectly, e.g. a plan, a machine
    Don’t count your chicks before they are hatched.
    Meaning: Don’t count on something before it happens.
    A bird in hand is worth two in the bush.
    Meaning: having something, even if it is a lesser quantity, is better than taking the chance of losing it in order to attain something else that seems more desirable.
  5. Binomial (word plus word)
    Example: high and dry
    Meaning: abandoned, helpless
    high and mighty
    Meaning: Conceited, haughty,
    Sayings or maxims
    Every little helps
    Meaning: even a small amount us helpful
    opposites attract
    Meaning: people who are very different from each other are often attracted to each other.
    Write out the meaning of the following idioms:
  6. Fish in troubled waters
  7. Man proposes, God disposes
  8. High and mighty
  9. As crazy as a fox
  10. A kick in the teeth
  11. Draw a line in the sand
  12. Let sleeping dogs lie
  13. Make a long story short
  14. A fool and his money are soon parted
  15. Fish in troubled waters
    Make a sentence with any five of the idioms in the exercises above.