BEHAVIOURAL OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, Students should be able to
A phrasal verb is a verb that is made up of a main verb together with an adverb or a preposition, or both. Typically, their meaning is not obvious from the meanings of the individual words themselves. For example:
She has always looked down on me.
In the example, the phrasal verb ‘to look down on someone’ doesn’t mean that you are looking down from a higher place at someone who is below you; it means that you think that you are better than someone.
Phrasal verbs have two meanings; Literal meaning and Idiomatic meaning
Some phrasal verbs have a literal meaning. They can be easily understood.
She opened the door and LOOKED OUTSIDE.
She was WALKING ACROSS the street when she heard the sound of an explosion.
Phrasal verbs can also have a figurative or idiomatic meaning which makes them difficult to understand.
Can you PUT ME UP for tonight?
The phrasal verb ‘put up’ here does not mean to build (as in putting a fence up). It has, however, an idiomatic/figurative meaning. It means to let someone stay in your house.
Phrasal verbs with be
|be about to
|To intend to do or be near to doing something in the immediate future
|“Hi Johnny, I was about to call you.”
|be after (someone)
|To be hunting, looking for, and/or chasing after (someone)
|“The police are after a man who robbed a bank yesterday.”
|be after (something)
|To want (something) from someone
|“He’s being so nice to me these days. He is after something, for sure.”
|be down to
|To have an amount of something reduced to a lower or minimal number
|“After months of dieting, I am down to 190 pounds.” “I am down to my last dollar.”
|be down to
|To be the result of or primarily caused by something
|“A large number of diseases are down to genetic traits.”
|be down with
|To be suffering from, as a disease or illness
|“I can’t go to work today because I am down with the flu.”
Phrasal Verbs with come
|To find unexpectedly
|“I came across that old watch of mine when I was cleaning out the drawers.”
|To give a certain impression through the way one acts
|“She comes across as a really confident person.”
|To acquire, especially through inheritance or chance
|“John has been buying some flashy cars lately. He must have come into a bit of money.”
|come up with
|To think of, develop, or invent
|“I’m finding it difficult to come up with new ideas.”
|come up against
|To meet and be forced to deal with some impediment, obstacle, or difficulty
|“We’ve come up against several political and legal problems.”
|come down with
|To catch or become infected with, as a virus or disease
|“I don’t feel very well today. I think I’ve come down with the flu.”